What is Law 1/v – Definition

For thermal neutrons (in 1/v region), absorption cross-sections increases as the velocity (kinetic energy) of the neutron decreases. 1/v Law. Reactor Physics
1/v Law
For thermal neutrons (in 1/v region), absorption cross sections increases as the velocity (kinetic energy) of the neutron decreases.
Source: JANIS 4.0

For thermal neutrons (in 1/v region),  absorption cross-section increases as the velocity (kinetic energy) of the neutron decreases. Therefore the 1/v Law can be used to determine shift in absorbtion cross-section, if the neutron is in equilibrium with a surrounding medium. This phenomenon is due to the fact the nuclear force between the target nucleus and the neutron has a longer time to interact.

sigma_a sim frac{1}{v}}} sim frac{1}{sqrt{E}}}}} sim frac{1}{sqrt{T}}}}}

This law is aplicable only for absorbtion cross-section and only in the 1/v region.

Example of cross- sections in 1/v region:

The absorbtion cross-section for 238U at 20°C = 293K (~0.0253 eV) is:

sigma_a(293K) = 2.68b .

The absorbtion cross-section for 238U at 1000°C = 1273K is equal to:

Neutron Cross-section - 1-v law

This cross-section reduction is caused only due to the shift of temperature of surrounding medium.

See also:

Interaction of Neutrons with Matter

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