Engineering

Fluid Dynamics

Fluid dynamics is an important part of most industrial processes; especially those involving the transfer of heat. In nuclear reactors the heat removal from the reactor core is accomplished by passing a liquid or gaseous coolant through the core and through other regions where heat is generated. The nature and operation of the coolant system is one of the most important considerations in the design of a nuclear reactor.

Thermodynamics

A knowledge of thermodynamics is essential to nuclear engineers, who deal with nuclear power reactors. A nuclear power plant (nuclear power station) looks like a standard thermal power station with one exception. The heat source in the nuclear power plant is a nuclear reactor. As is typical in many conventional thermal power stations the heat is used to generate steam which drives a steam turbine connected to a generator which produces electricity.
Thermodynamics is the science that deals with energy production, storage, transfer and conversion. It studies the effects of work, heat and energy on a system. Despite the fact it is a very broad subject that affects most fields of science including biology and microelectronics, we will concern mostly with large scale observations. Small scale interactions will be described in the kinetic theory of gases.

Materials for Nuclear Engineering

Nuclear engineering is the branch of engineering concerned with the application of the nuclear fission as well as the nuclear fusion and the application of other sub-atomic physics, based on the principles of nuclear physics. In general, nuclear engineering deals with the application of nuclear energy in a variety of branches, including nuclear power plants, naval propulsion systems, food production or medical diagnostic equipment such as MRI machines.

Our goal here will be to introduce material engineering of nuclear reactors. The knowledge of thermophysical and nuclear properties of materials is essential for designing nuclear power plants.